Once again here I am at my keyboard attempting to respond to another hot button. Since its been a bit over a year since my last post, thankfully my hot button isn’t being pushed very often! But this time — its a biggie.
I have been seeing various posts all over Facebook here recently that seems to be pushing a new Gospel. You may or may not be familiar with this new Gospel. Its often referred to as the ‘post-modern church’ or ‘the emergent church’ or simply ‘progressive Christianity’. In a nutshell it is a teaching that promotes love at the expense of God’s Holiness. Now I am all about love (I Cor. 13 is a good place to start on this topic). And I am all about compassion and mercy, BUT, not at the expense of sacrificing God’s holiness on the altar of political correctness.
You will recognize the advocates of this new type of Gospel because they will adopt every socially and politically liberal position you can come up with: Pro-choice, the promotion of the LGBT agenda, the promotion of climate change, they love Obamacare, they push social-justice issues, and so on. And they will generally refuse to use Scripture (unless it is to twist its clear meaning in the original text in order to promote a specific agenda) — Rather they often outright refute Scripture, ignore it, or in rare moments of honesty downright admit to you that they don’t believe Scripture at all! They will deny the authority of Scripture thereby raising themselves up as the new authority for the church.
Do you see them? They are all around and increasing in number. They are wolves in sheep’s clothing, claiming to know and follow Christ, when all they are really doing is following a retooled, mythical Jesus to suit their desires. It’s time for the faithful to stand up and speak out, to follow the biblical Jesus like never before. – godfactor.com
You will also recognize them because in spite of all of their self-proclaimed love and tolerance mantra they viciously attack bible believing churches as being homophobic and bigoted. The 2,000 year old Doctrine of Hell and substitutionary atonement has been replaced by a feel-good experience based faith where Hell has no place in their theology, or for that matter believe even exists. Those who reinforce the traditional Doctrine of Hell and the need for substitutionary atonement are proclaimed false teachers in their view. They say:
“However, in the twenty-first century, the idea of substitutionary atonement has become questionable, at best, and grotesque, at worst. Surely a loving God did not require the shed blood of a human sacrifice as a prerequisite for our salvation. If we also deny the idea of original sin, then there was no reason for substitutionary atonement.” – Progressive Christianity.org
I would beg to differ. Preaching the denial of the Doctrine of original sin and denying the Doctrine of Christ’s substitutionary atonement is a different Gospel. It is their teaching that is false and has been since Paul wrote Galatians 1:9, “As we have said before, so I say again now, if any man is preaching to you a gospel contrary to what you received, he is to be accursed!”
You will recognize these self-styled “Christians” by:
- They often adapt to our politically correct culture by refusing to admonish sin by staying silent on these tough issues. They will downplay God’s truth on the subject by promoting the illusion that apathy and neutrality was what Jesus did.
- They will pick and choose, sort of like a buffet, which Scripture is relevant, and which are to be ignored based on what our politically correct culture deems important at the time. They will focus on the ‘nice, loving’ parts of the Gospel message, while simultaneously and intentionally minimizing sin, hell, and the need for repentance and transformation.
- They often embrace and promote the ‘social-justice’ Gospel instead of the real Gospel of I Corinthians 15:3-4. They confuse caring for the poor with advancing socialist or big government systems while demonizing those who advocate a free-market system, or heaven forbid, original sin and substitutionary atonement. They confuse God’s Kingdom which is not of this world, with the world’s kingdoms.
This is serious stuff folks. This new brand of Christianity’s susceptibility to a ‘feel-good’ doctrine is playing a big role in America’s moral decline. This new Gospel depends on how we feel, rather than whether something is biblical or not. Old teachings that focused on God’s transformation power through repentance, are replaced with teachings that promote twisted views of justice, oppression and inequality so that they will ‘feel’ more neutral and less confrontational. Out of fear that they may be viewed by the lost as ‘intolerant’ many people are buying into these theological falsehoods.
This contemporary mindset is what Dietrich Bonhoeffer, the German theologian whose Christian convictions put him at odds with the Nazis and cost him his life, called “cheap grace.” In his book “The Cost of Discipleship” Bonhoeffer wrote: “Cheap grace is the preaching of forgiveness without requiring repentance, baptism without church discipline, Communion without confession, absolution without personal confession. Cheap grace is grace without discipleship, grace without the cross, grace without Jesus Christ, living and incarnate.”
What has been a red flag for me with this new movement is their denial of basic biblical doctrines:
- They deny the inerrancy of Scripture.
- They deny the substitutionary atonement of Jesus Christ as God’s judgment for sin.
- They deny the Doctrine of Hell.
- They deny that Jesus Christ is the only way to God and instead hold to some sort of wierd collective salvation – all roads lead to God. Note John 14:6, “Jesus said to him, ‘I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father but through Me.” That sounds like only one way to me.
What it all boils down to is that many progressive or emergent church Christians are merely cultural Christians. They are not regenerate (born again) believers at all. In fact, they’re hostile to the true gospel. You will realize just how hostile when you seek to refute their error with pointing out Scripture passages. They are wolves who have infiltrated the church. Matthew 7:15, “Beware of the false prophets, who come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly are ravenous wolves.” Their goal is the redefinition of traditional Christianity. And that my friends is a different Gospel, it is heresy, and it is apostasy. Be warned before embracing this stuff!
Liberal wolves are out there spreading a false gospel of a feel-good social justice Christianity, where Hell is not real, sin may be expressed without condemnation, repentance is not necessary, where God will not judge, and atonement is not necessary. It is what Peter called “damnable heresies” in 2 Peter 2:1–2. One self-proclaimed progressive Christian blogger who came across my feed is John Pavlovitz. Sad to say he has gained over 65,000 Facebook followers, many of whom claim to be Christians. The shared post was: http://johnpavlovitz.com/2015/12/01/my-emancipation-from-american-christianity/
Now I don’t want to dump on one individual who shared this post, it was shared without knowledge of this man’s belief system. And honestly my hot button was set off not merely because of this one post, but because I have been seeing and hearing a lot of this type of stuff here lately from everywhere: Facebook, stuff coming into the office here at Church, family’s being destroyed because one man decides to leave his wife for another woman and feels vindicated in doing so, because after all according to his new theology, God won’t judge his sin, there is now no Hell to be concerned about, and so on ad infinitum. So I have just reached the point where I have been led to respond and shout out a warning here.
Now back to Mr. Pavlovitz. I am going to zero in on him and focus on this one post since he just happens to be the latest in my feed to set off my hot button. Mr. Pavlovitz (I refuse to refer to him as a “Pastor”) made several ridiculous statements in that blog article, some fairly benign and not such a big deal, BUT two were real red flags for me. My discernment alarms didn’t just go off, they detonated like a huge MOAB direct hit. My first alarm went off when Mr. Pavolitz made the claim:
“I’ve outgrown the snarling brimstone preaching that brokers in damnation.” Not surprising since he claims he doesn’t believe in Hell. (See his blog post on this subject: http://johnpavlovitz.com/2016/03/07/no-christian-we-dont-deserve-hell-and-we-probably-neednt-worry-about-it/ ) – Frankly I have never seen such an heretical post as that one!) But unfortunately for Mr. Pavlovitz Jesus taught about Hell’s existence. (See Luke 16:19–31; Matt. 7:13-14; Hebrews 9:27). To ‘outgrow’ a core cardinal doctrine of the Christian faith is apostasy. Hell is one of the cardinal doctrines of the Christian faith. It is a cornerstone. To reject this is serious business.
John Walvoord wrote that when it comes to the doctrine of hell in the Bible, “Jesus himself defined this more specifically and in more instances than any New Testament prophet. All the references to gehenna, except James 3:6, are from the lips of Jesus Christ himself…” [Walvoord, “The Literal View” in William Crockett (ed.), Four Views on Hell (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1992), 19-20.]
C. H. Spurgeon said, “If sinners be damned, at least let them leap to Hell over our dead bodies. And if they perish, let them perish with our arms wrapped about their knees, imploring them to stay. If Hell must be filled, let it be filled in the teeth of our exertions, and let not one go unwarned and unprayed for.”
But it gets worse. There is a man named Rob Bell (whom CARM, the Christian Apologetics Research Ministry, has written about. See here and here). This man’s teaching is dangerous to one’s spiritual health, but yet Mr. Pavolitz defends him. (http://johnpavlovitz.com/2014/12/10/the-continued-crucifying-of-rob-bell-and-what-it-says-about-the-state-of-modern-christianity/) I would submit that he defends him because he agrees with him. He said in response to Rob Bell’s denial of the doctrine of Hell:
“We’ve made the Church a members-only club, defined by the narrowest of doctrines and the most rigid understandings of God and Scripture…..As Christian leaders cling tighter and tighter to a faith tradition that seems less and less culturally relevant, they expel anyone who doesn’t check all the right boxes, who doesn’t say all the right words in all the right ways using all the right Bible verses.”
If the doctrine of Hell and the Atonement is ‘a narrow faith tradition’ then Pavlovitz is tip toeing across the wide door and the broad way that leads to eternal destruction (Matt. 7:13). This isn’t a simple disagreement over what color the foyer carpet should be, it’s the removal of the chief cornerstone of the Christian faith – Jesus Christ and His substitutionary death on the cross so that God’s justice is satisfied. To remove that cornerstone is a departure from the faith – its Apostasy – and it’s a different Gospel (Gal. 1:9; I Cor. 15:3-4).
My second alarm went off when Mr. Pavolitz stated:
“I’ve outgrown the incessant attacks on the Gay, Muslim, and Atheist communities.” – I personally haven’t witnessed any attacks by Christians on Gay, Muslim or Atheist communities other than the sharing of Bible verses which I hardly call an attack since nobody ends up in the hospital, nobody loses their job, nobody got sent to jail, and nobody is killed by sharing a simple bible verse. Verses such as Romans 1:26-28; Jude 1:5-8; I Timothy 1:8-11; I Corinthians 6:9-11; Leviticus 18:2; Leviticus 20:13 referencing God’s Word regarding Homosexuality. Those verses are in fact warnings actually shared in love, not hate. If Christians hated these groups we wouldn’t be sharing the Gospel! We would sit back, say nothing, and gleefully watch them go to Hell in a hand basket so to speak. BUT, since we love them and do not wish them to perish we show them what God’s Word says on the subject in the hopes of repentance that may lead to their salvation. Now when we do that, we are branded as homophobes, intolerant, hateful bigots, etc. etc. Now apparently sharing Bible verses is also an incessant attack as well.
Unfortunately this is not my definition of an attack. When I see the word “attack” I automatically think of an act of violence. Now, I understand the word attack may also mean criticism, non-verbal type arguments, but the context of his statement seems to imply some sort of physical force here. And frankly, what I have seen from the LGBT movement is the reality that Gays have been utilizing force against Christians on a fairly regular basis here lately from wedding cake vendors to photographers, solely because they refuse on religious grounds to celebrate a gay marriage. You would think the gay customer would just simply find a non-Christian baker, florist or photographer and have done with it, but that is not their goal. They want to destroy these people – and that my friends is my definition of a physical force type of attack. And we’ve all seen these stories ever since the courts ruled on gay marriage so I won’t take up space by linking to article after article. And I have watched these attacks result in jail time for at least one individual, with the loss of businesses and income for others. Simply for opposing the LGBT agenda on religious grounds. In light of all of this, to claim that attacks are merely coming from “Christians” against gays is a bit hypocritical.
Too bad Mr. Pavlovitz isn’t more concerned about how Muslims treat gays instead of focusing on how Christians view Homosexuality. I haven’t seen any Christians lately throwing a Homosexual off the roof of a building, but this is a standard practice within Islam. There are clear mandates within the Koran and the Hadiths to execute Homosexuals, not share the Gospel with them. They won’t even take the time to convert them to Allah, they just kill them all. If I were a Homosexual I would be far more concerned about the violence practiced by Islam, than I would my evangelical neighbor.
And speaking of Muslims, I haven’t even really been seeing the sharing of Bible verses with them. I did try a few years ago when I happened to be the sole person sitting in the church office at the time wondering why in the world I would get this call when Pastor was out! But here comes this call from the local North American Islamic Community Center here in Plainfield wanting PBC to participate in inter-faith activities and so forth. I very calmly explained to him that we as a church cannot do that as Islam is not compatible with Christianity and our beliefs here at PBC, and then proceeded (a feeble attempt on my part, but I did try!) to give this man the Gospel. He immediately got angry with me. He proceeded to tell me that Jesus wasn’t God and never claimed to be God. I sent him to John 8:58 (“Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham was born, I Am.”), then I showed him Exodus 3:14 – the “I Am that I Am” section of Scripture where God was conversing with Moses. Then I sent him to John 10:30 and then onto Hebrews 1:3. By this time the man was physically threatening me through the phone to the point I just had to hang up. I still think I am on some sort of terrorist hit list of some sort at this point but there it is. Who knew being a Church secretary would be a dangerous occupation??
But the reality is, I am really not seeing too much of anyone sharing the Gospel with Muslims pointing out to them the errors of their faith. What I am seeing appears to be a jump on the bandwagon to appease anything and everything Islam on the part of Progressive Christianity, and I’ve also not seen any sort of violence or physical attacks coming from professing Christians against Muslims outside of the military. At least not personally. Not yet anyway. However, when one is actually fighting for one’s life in the midst of a terrorist attack perhaps there should be! Yet, I will tell you what I have seen. I have seen a lot of Muslims lately killing and beheading Christians all across the globe – and I honestly can’t remember recently when a Christian beheaded a Muslim. Mr. Pavlovitz is going to have to refresh my memory on that one, because I can’t recall. But I can recall Christians being martyred, article after article after article of the latest terrorist attack and the screaming of Allahu-Akbar in the midst of these attacks, which seem to be occurring on a daily basis!
Once again, Mr. Pavlovitz focused on only one side of the story and ignores the other. So, I guess Christians being in the crosshairs of ISIS are okay with him, if we dare defend ourselves we’re intolerant bigots! We’re just not supposed to share the Gospel with the above groups – after all – according to Mr. Pavlovitz that’s bigotry and hate.
Now, Mr. Pavlovitz’s support of the LGBT movement has been responded to here so I will not say much more on the subject other than I am not discounting the need to love the gay or the Muslim – quite the contrary. But love doesn’t take a back seat to truth. I Corinthians 13 is clear about the need for love, but it is also clear about the need for truth. (Ephesians 4:15) I could pick apart much of the rest of his blog, and not just this one article, but the many unbiblical and ridiculous articles that he has posted throughout his blog. But those 2 points alone in just that one article should be red flags to any Bible believing Christian. Sad that it isn’t.
The only way he can justify this departure from the true faith is to deny Scripture, which is what he does on his blog. Now, notice some of what he says there:
- “I don’t believe the Bible was dictated by God”. Contrast that with 2 Timothy 3:16; Isaiah 59:21; Zechariah 7:12; Acts 4:31; Exodus 34:27; Revelation 3:14; Luke 16:31.
- “I don’t believe the Bible has much of consequence to say about gender identity and sexual orientation”. Contrast that with I Corinthians 6:9-10 just for starters. Then move on to Romans 1:26-27. (See above list).
- “I don’t believe the Bible is without error”. He goes on to say that the Bible “contains” truth but that “it cannot be as pure and pristine as it would need to be to be called perfect”. That sounds to me remarkably similar to the serpent hissing in Eve’s ear: “Has God said….” (Genesis 3:1). Then further contrast with Psalm 18:30; Mark 13:31; I Peter 1:25; Psalm 138:2.
- “I don’t believe the Bible is the only source through which we hear or experience God”. This is direct refutation of Sola Scriptura. Contrast with Proverbs 3:5; Proverbs 28:26; Jeremiah 17:5. Which prompts an immediate question to my mind. If the Bible is not the sole authority then what is? Who is Pavlovitz’ authority? Himself? Its not God or His Word that is abundantly clear.
- “I don’t believe the Bible is worthy of worship”. Huh? Say what? God’s Word is now not worthy? Really? Isaiah 66:2 begs to differ when it admonishes: “God’s favor is upon the one who is humble and contrite in spirit and trembles at His Word.” And perhaps the most egregious:
- “I don’t believe the Bible should be used to defend the Bible.” Wow. This man is supposed to be a Pastor. At this point Mr. Pavlovitz has elevated himself above Christ, because you see, Christ thought it important to use Scripture. He quoted Scripture quite a bit in fact. Look at Matthew 21:12-17. His Apostles quoted Scripture again and again. If Mr. Pavlovitz really loved Christ, he would love Scripture, and he would love to quote it, and he would love to use it to defend the faith. Since he proclaims he doesn’t is indeed telling as to his true Spiritual condition. I would submit that he doesn’t want to quote it or use it because it refutes his belief system. He is under Scripture’s condemnation and that is the real reason he won’t have anything to do with it.
In another blog post Pavlovitz seems to suggest that the idea of referencing Scripture is an unloving and useless endeavor, which definitely reveals his low view of Scripture, if you weren’t convinced already. And in doing so he is missing the whole point of the Gospel message! If a person knows he or she is in rebellion against God, the call is to repent. The Gospel truly received transforms – that’s the point. Yes, people should be sincerely loved and embraced BUT the whole Gospel must be proclaimed, even the bad news about the devastation of sin. The utter seriousness of sin is what makes the “Good News” so good! Without repentance there is no salvation, without receiving the whole counsel of God, there can be no repentance. The Scriptures must be proclaimed! The church can only truly reach lost people if the entire Gospel of Jesus is proclaimed to them. They are not “reached” if they are merely made comfortable in their sin. Jesus loved sinners, but he never made sinners comfortable in their sin.
Folks, listen, this man calls himself a Pastor, yet he doesn’t believe the Bible. He doesn’t believe in Hell. He doesn’t believe in the need for substitutionary atonement. He doesn’t believe in the need for repentance. And on and on it goes. Please listen: this is heresy. While he may say some things that make sense or sound good, it is still false teaching. All heretics and false teachers from Marcion to Jim Jones ALWAYS said some things that sounded good. Its how they get their feet in the door to suck you in. Indeed, Satan sounded good when he hissed in Eve’s ear, its what led to the Fall for Pete’s sake. You must be Bereans whenever anyone comes down the road claiming to speak for Christ and the church. (Acts 17:11 – “Now these were more noble-minded than those in Thessalonica, for they received the word with great eagerness, examining the Scriptures daily to see whether these things were so.”) You MUST evaluate everything they say to see if it conforms to the Scriptures — if it doesn’t they are to be REJECTED. We are to rebuke false teaching:
“..holding fast the faithful word which is in accordance with the teaching, so that he will be able both to exhort in sound doctrine and to refute those who contradict.”- Titus 1:9
“Watch yourselves, that you do not lose what we have accomplished, but that you may receive a full reward. 9 Anyone who goes too far and does not abide in the teaching of Christ, does not have God; the one who abides in the teaching, he has both the Father and the Son. 10 If anyone comes to you and does not bring this teaching, do not receive him into your house, and do not give him a greeting; 11 for the one who gives him a greeting participates in his evil deeds.” – II John 8-11
Nothing they teach should be spread or ‘shared’. To do so makes you an accessory to their false teaching. Think about it. You might be firm in the faith and be able to recognize some good things among the bad, but not everyone who sees your posts is going to be in the same boat. They may not even be believers and thus easily swayed as they click on these links. They will see your shared post, think the site is a good one because you shared it, then read some of the other ungodly things these men teach and fall into these false teachings. We have to protect the sheep, not feed the wolves!
“When men are living in sin they go from bad to worse. At first they merely walk in the counsel of the careless and ungodly, who forget God – the evil is rather practical than habitual – but after that, they become habituated to evil, and they stand in the way of open sinners who willfully violate God’s commandments, and if let alone, they go one step further, and become themselves pestilent teachers and tempters of others, and thus they sit in the seat of the scornful.” – Charles H. Spurgeon
Now there are many more progressive or emergent church Christians other than John Pavlovitz, such as Beth Moore, and Joyce Meyer to name a few. But they all are consistent with their false teaching. Leftist emergent Christians continue to lift up those who have departed from truth because they want to be seen as loving, and they want the rest of us to pipe down and not confront sin. We Scripture quoters and admonishers are seen as intolerant bigots. These are people who love their sin and are comfortable in their sin, and they do not want to be refuted. Jesus did warn us about these people when He said, “and men loved the darkness rather than the Light, for their deeds were evil”, John 3:19. Another caution, we are also warned that these types of behaviors are indicative of the last days – “…holding to a form of godliness, although they have denied its power; avoid such men as these.” 2 Timothy 3:5 – so we should not be surprised to see this apostasy growing. But we should be defending against it!
Does this mean that we are to only preach hell and brimstone without love and never show compassion or mercy? God forbid! May it never be so. I am not advocating that we all become members of the Westboro Baptist Church. The truth is in the middle as it usually is. God is compassionate, He is loving, and He is merciful — but He is also HOLY. Those attributes cannot be separated out from each other. And His message cannot be separated. Those who preach only damnation without love are just as guilty as those who preach nothing but love without the need for repentance. God is both. As we say here in the Midwest, “You catch more flies with honey than vinegar”, and love is certainly a component of the Gospel message. “But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.” – Romans 5:8.
The progressive emergents, however, want to focus on that verse and ignore the need for repentance. But without repentance there is no salvation. The Bible makes it clear that God is Holy and man is sinful, and that sin makes a separation between the two (Isaiah 59:1-2). Without repentance from sin, wicked men cannot have fellowship with a Holy God. We are dead in our trespasses and sins (Ephesians 2:1) and until we forsake them through repentance, we cannot be made alive in Christ. The Scriptures speak of “repentance unto life” (Acts 11:18). We turn from sin to the Savior. This is why Paul preached “repentance toward God, and faith toward our Lord Jesus Christ” (Acts 20:21).
The first public word Jesus preached was “repent” (Matthew 4:17). John the Baptist began his ministry the same way (Matthew 3:2). Jesus told His hearers that without repentance, they would perish (Luke 13:3). If belief is all that is necessary for salvation, then the logical conclusion is that one need never repent. Yet the Bible gives this warning:
“If we say that we have fellowship with Him and yet walk in the darkness, we lie and do not practice the truth;” (1 John 1:6).
For the progressive emergents who need no repentance because there is no Hell, the Bible says they lie and do not have the truth in them. The Bible goes on to say, “He that covers his sins shall not prosper, but whoso confesses and forsakes them [repentance] shall have mercy” (Proverbs 28:13). Jesus said that there was joy in heaven over one sinner who “repents” (Luke 15:10). If there is no repentance, there is no joy because there is no salvation. The Apostle Peter went on to preach on the Day of Pentecost. He commanded his hearers to repent “for the remission of sins” (Acts 2:38). Without repentance, there is no remission of sins; we are still under His wrath. Peter further said, “Repent …and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out” (Acts 3:19).
Scripture in fact does command that we confront sin. (I Timothy 5:20, “As for those who persist in sin, rebuke them in the presence of all…”; Luke 17:3, “…if your brother sins, rebuke him, and if he repents, forgive him,”; James 5:19-20, “….if anyone among you wanders from the truth and someone brings him back, let him know that whoever brings back a sinner from his wandering will save his soul from death and will cover a multitude of sins.”; 2 Timothy 4:2, “Preach the word; be ready in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, and exhort….”).
Without rebuke or confrontation there is no conviction of sins, Without conviction of sins, there can be no repentance. Without repentance there can be no salvation.
Folks, be careful. We live in evil days. The Apostate church is growing and it is deceiving many. Mr. Pavolitz suggested emancipation from American Christianity in his blog post and I want to mention a couple of my points in rebuttal. #1 – there is no American Christianity, there is only one body, one church, one body of Christ which contains all nations. All those who would repent and believe, not just Americans. THAT’S the church! #2 -the problem in the church isn’t a lack of love or compassion. Its a lack of discernment. Its a growing rejection of the cardinal doctrines of the Christian faith in the guise of tolerance or social justice, for fear of being labeled a bigot or being politically incorrect. It is loving your sin and wanting to remain in it because you love it, and you hate being rebuked for it because you love it. Carnality is as big in the church today as it ever was in Corinth 2,000 years ago. Not using any discernment, apathy, being comfortable in our sin, and rejecting sound doctrine in favor of those who would tell us what we want to hear – THOSE are the real problems within the church today. Its not a lack of love — its too much love for our own sin that’s the real problem.
So please stop feeding the wolves in our midst. Sharing and passing around posts from progressive emergents does serious damage to the true church – we are throwing the sheep to the wolves when we do this. An excellent article from Tim Challies on this subject Be wise and discerning!
3 For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but wanting to have their ears tickled, they will accumulate for themselves teachers in accordance to their own desires, 4 and will turn away their ears from the truth and will turn aside to myths. – 2 Timothy 4:3-4